Sectoral blueprints have emerged to cope with the industry 4.0 in Korea under the slogan “People-centric and participatory industry 4.0 to address both social issues and economic growth”.
By Kwon June, journalist of Security World
This plan lays out the big picture envisioned by the new government of Korea to support ‘innovative growth’, one of the core policies of the government, and to promote the ‘human-centered’ industry 4.0 that everyone can participate in and benefit from. Especially, it is meaningful in that it suggests the blueprints for the five-year term of Moon’s government to obtain the kind of transformation as well as achievements that can be understood by the people beyond general approaches through collaboration among ministries and Presidential Committee on The fourth industrial revolution.
The government’s response plan aims to complete the intelligent revolution project (12 tasks), secure technical competitiveness, create industrial ecosystems and cope with social changes, and suggests specific action tasks for these four sectors.
First of all, in the sector of ‘Intelligent Innovation’, 12 projects are proposed to intelligently guide the productivity and global competitiveness of industry, while increasing the quality of life and creating economic drivers. The target year for each project is set to 2022.
With regard to security and safety, it is included that sustainable smart city models and the autonomous control-based intelligent smart home are to be promoted to address urban issues and thus drive innovations in a life from households.
World-class cutting edge smart cities are planned on new sites, breaking from the conventional u-City initiatives merely focusing on facility management. Also, a ‘New Deal for smart urban rehabilitation’ is to be promoted based on smart technologies for solving urban problems by 2022. The plan also includes a strategy to upgrade the existing smart home, which has been widely applied for the remote control of home electronics and lightings to a new intelligent, autonomous technology.
Also, when it comes to ‘Transportation’, the plan proposes the expansion of intelligent traffic signal systems and the enhancement of traffic risk forecasting and an alert service that together will seek to reduce traffic congestion and accident rates by 10% and 5%, respectively.
In the ‘Vehicle’ sector, the drone market is expected to grow 20 times through a series of projects including the commercialization of autonomous vehicles for high-way use, promotion of industrial drones and introduction of autonomous ships. This plan also includes a series of plans to support the handicapped.
Especially, the initiatives to secure the competitiveness of the drone industry aim to foster industry-leading technology for autonomous drones, nurture industrial drones, and construct flight examination centers by regions.
For ‘Safety’ sector, smart facility management is to be fostered, especially focusing on worn-out facilities and artificial intelligence-based crime analytics; and the provision of safe, optimal routes are also featured. These measures aim to increase the crime detection rate from 83.99% in 2016 to 90% and reduce the maritime accident rate by 30% by 2022.
To this end, intelligent CCTV, AI-based crime analytics and autonomous patrol and tracking systems enabled by drone are to be promoted and evaluated in crime-prone areas.
Finally, in the ‘Defense’ sector, intelligent border surveillance is to be further disseminated and an AI-based intelligent command system will be introduced aiming to increase the unmanned surveillance rate by 25% by 2025, to cope with the expected reduction of troop resources.
For securing ‘Technical Competitiveness’, 2.2 trillion won will be invested in the R&D sector of intelligent technologies, while researcher-oriented R&D will be fostered to promote and gather creative and challenging researches.
To create ‘Industrial Ecosystems’, the government plans to introduce 5G for the first time in the world (By March 2019), foster big data centers in each core industry, introduce regulation sandboxes (2018~), redesign the regulatory system to propel innovation-friendly sectoral regulations, raise an innovation venture fund worth 10 trillion won and relax the eligibility criteria regarding government purchase (From 12% in 2016 to 15% by 2022) in industry 4.0.
Especially, sectoral big data centers and public big data centers will be set up for 10 major industries including finance and transportation to establish private/public sector data and thus to enhance the data basis, a necessary resource in the era of the industry 4.0. In order to make the data public for AI training and to foster the utilization of de-identified personal information, specific strategies will be developed by reflecting public opinion and will be prepared by the end of this year
This is seen as a policy that will establish concrete measures within this year without putting off pending, controversial issues pertaining to the de-identification of personal information to next year.
Finally, to cope with ‘Social Changes’, the government will nurture 4,600,000 experts in intelligence technology, while promoting versatility in professions and stabilizing job safety by, for instance, expanding employment insurance.
In particular, as threats posed by intelligent hacking increase, the government plans to enhance the cyber safety network by 2018 by, for instance, establishing cyber-threat big data centers and to establish the ethics charter on AI technology to prevent adverse effects and malfunctions of AI.
The comprehensive plan will be implemented as a package to support the linking of ‘technology, data, infra, promote diffusion and institutional improvement in order to go beyond the conventional support initiatives that merely foster technologies and focus on industrial support. The government will serve as a facilitator to improve the market environment and thus maximize the innovation capability of the private sector, while leading investment from the private sector through preemptive adoption in the public sector.
In addition, the government has developed a policy brand called ‘I-Korea 4.0’ to increase public accessibility to the relevant policies. I-Korea 4.0 is regarded as a policy befitting a new generation that carries on the legacy of the previous governments’ successful policies such as e-Korea (2002) and u-Korea (2006).
The word ‘I’ means Intelligence, Innovation, Inclusiveness and Interaction, and ‘4.0’ means that to cope with industry 4.0, the 4 I’s and 4 strategies.
Meanwhile, with regard to the sectoral key tasks, the task-specific strategies will be formulated by the ministries in charge and given shape through a series of public hearings and discussions led by Presidential Committee on The fourth industrial revolution and deliberations conducted by the Innovation Committee, Special Committee and the Whole Committee.
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